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Africa Mineral Resource Specialists Inc.

Your source for professional assistance in obtaining, evaluating, exploring, developing and operating mineral properties in Africa.


Mineral Resources of Africa

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    AfricaGeography.jpg (51601 bytes)                AfricaGeology.jpg (61937 bytes)                 Africa Diamond&Gold.jpg (53222 bytes)
  General Geography             General Geology                  Diamond & Gold
         of Africa                             of Africa                     Occurrences of Africa

Africa is predominantly a continent of plains and plateaus with intervening escarpments which are the result of millions of years of erosion and planation (the grading or general flattening of an area by erosive processes).  Topographic relief is low over vast areas of the continent, and the only true mountain range on the continent is the Atlas Range of Morocco and Algeria.  The major area of rifting in eastern Africa has some areas of high topographic relief where large volcanoes have developed.  Most of central, western and northern Africa is at elevations mostly in the range of 1000 meters or less while most of eastern and southern Africa is at elevations greater than 1000 meters.

Geologically, Africa consists of Precambrian metamorphic and granitic rocks overlain in some areas by a thin cover of sedimentary rocks occupying broad shallow basins.  Several cratonic areas (large immobile areas of ancient age) on the continent are separated by major mobile belts (zones that have undergone major tectonic activity).

Some of the largest, and richest,  mineral deposits in the world have been found in Africa.  For much of the last half of the 20th century little mineral exploration and development work was done in Africa, except for southern Africa, even though there is significant potential for the discovery of new deposits.  By the mid 1990's modern exploration started to spread across much of Africa and many new deposits have been discovered and developed and some of the old major deposits are being renovated. 

The potential of Africa for the discovery and development of mineral resources is immense.   Mineral occurrences are present throughout the continent in all countries.  Most of these occurrences will never be anything but isolated areas that contain small amounts of a mineral resource and will never be developed as a modern mine.  The reason for that is because most of these occurrences do not contain enough volume of the mineral to make mining economic.  However, the use of modern exploration methods in the region where these occurrences are known could result in the discovery of new, and previously unknown, deposits which could be of sufficient quantity and quality to allow for economic mining.

In addition to the influence of the rocks that underlie a mineral deposit, the ability to conduct mineral exploration operations and mining operations is affected by the landscape and vegetative cover.     Areas which are predominantly semi-arid and savannah are easier to operate in when compared to the areas of desert and tropical rainforest.

An excellent summary of mineral resources of Africa and of individual African countries is available at the MBendi website.   Good summary information about individual countries, including mineral resources, mining and exploration is available at this site making it an excellent source for summary information.


Africa Mineral Resource Specialists Inc.
5 Blue Cedar, Suite 101
Littleton, Colorado 80127 USA
Telephone:  1-720-922-7481
Fax:  1-720-294-1392
E-mail: info@africaminerals.com 
Web site: www.africaminerals.com
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This page last updated March 17, 2004